Bora

Bora
Villages -> India -> Punjab -> Hoshiarpur -> Bora

Village : Bora

Block : Garhshankar

District : Hoshiarpur

State : Punjab

Country : India

Continent : Asia


About village :

About village Bora –
Five Kilometers from Garhshankar towards the east is one of the most popular Hindu Brahmins Village in the Tehsil Garhshankar ,Distt-Hoshiarpur, Punjab (India). It is situated on the Garhshankar - Sri Anand pur Sahib Road.

Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India
Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76751 , Date : 2011/06/13-09:21:03 CDT , Report


History :

History of BORA:-According to the oldsters of the village Bora, In 19th century, between 1800-1820 AD a person named Sh.Mahant Ram Sharma, Brahmin by caste and his sub caste was Digpal (Digva) came from Garhi Mansowal (According to District and States Gazetteer p. 423, the Doad Rajputs, founded the town of Mansowal in east Garhshankar, at the center of the plains of Shivalik mountains. They also constructed a fort in that town, because of which, the town sometimes is referred to as Garhi or Garrhi Mansowal.) and Sh.Mahant Ram Sharma purchased or occupied some land .That place was very beautiful and there were a number of Banyan trees ,due to which he started living at that place . As the time passed people from nearby villages started to come there, and Sh. Mahant Ram Sharma started selling plots to those people .As a result he become rich .The people who bought the plots were Brahmins, Peasants and some lower caste people .Most of the people who bought the plots were Brahmins for shelter but the peasants bought the land for farming.Peasants started living on the east side of the village ,lower caste people started living on the west side of the village and the Brahmins in the middle of the village due to caste system prevailing at that time. Most of the Brahmin people add Sharma after their name as sur name. After some years Sh Mahant Ram’s third generation lost their property due to luxury and idleness.

History of the Name of the Village BORA-As I mentioned above that there were number of Banyan trees in this village at that time .In Punjabi language “Banyan tree” is called “Boharh”, that’s why at that time this village was called as “Bohrhan wala pind” (The village of Banyan trees).With the passage of time people started calling this village only as “Bohrhan pind” (Banyan village) and during the British rule it was called only as “Bora” and is also registered as Bora in the Gazetteer since that time.At this time in this village there are no Banyan trees because most of them are cut down.

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122874 , Report

History of the Bhatt / Madhav Brahmin:-
“I am in no way promoting sub-groups or the caste system, or showing any superiority or inferiority towards the Madhav / Bhat Brahmin Community or any other community, but simply to widen the knowledge and understanding, and whilst also rectifying the many misconceptions and legends of the Madhav / Bhat Brahmin Community"-Ajay Kumar Sharma "Digpal"

Madhav Brahmin:- The Madhavas are Vaishnava Brahmins. They have been named after the, Madhav Rishi who propounded the dualistic principle. The Madhav Community is spread over Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Parts of Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Punjab. They are generally peace loving, intellectual and scholarly.

Maha Bhatt and Rishi Madho Mal (Madhav Rishi):-He was the son of Raja Shivnabh, who was an eminent Maha Bhatt and Rishi. Madho Mal was born and died in Cylon (Sangaldip-Sri Lanka). He was a Tuluva Brahmin. He is one of the world`s greatest theistic philosophers. His theism stands for the recognition of God or Brahman as the one and only independent being to which all else is subordinated. and his tradition says that Madhomal a Brahmin Rishi, a singer and a poet once loved and wedded Kam Kunadla , a dancing girl. According to a dictionary of Indian literature: Begning-1850 by Surjit Mukherji; in 16th Century (1527 AD) It is a probably the earliest Kavya work telling the story of Madhava and Kamkundla:-As per story Madhav is a youthful musician, a singer, a poet and scholar who travel through many lands and charm women everywhere. In the Kamavatipura, in ‘Rajdarbar’ (committee of the king), he sees the dancing girl Kamakundla perform and is much impressed. Then he gives her a present as mark of appreciation, the King of Kamavatipura is offended and expels him from the country.After spending one night with the Kamkundla, Madhav goes to Ujjain and inscribes his story on the walls of Sri Mahakal Temple. *King Vikramaditya traces him and hers about the girl (Kamkundla).He meets her and propose marriage, when she refuses, he tells her Madhav is dead. She faints and was at the verge of death hearing this news madhva also faints was at the verge of death. King Vikramaditya thus penance for having caused these. The couple is restored to life and the king has them married. The work contains 2565 couplets in eight sections. Its language is old Rajasthani or Maru Gurjar.

Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya:-Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (1501–1556) was born to a priest Purandas, formerly Rai Puranmal, and belonged to Dhusar Bhargava community,on Ashwin Shukla Vijaidashmi, 1558 Vikrami Era or 1501 CE. He was a Hindu Emperor of India during the sixteenth century, in medieval times. This was one of the crucial periods in Indian history, when the Mughals and Afghans were desperately vying for power. Hem Chandra acceded to the throne of Delhi on 7 October 1556, assuming *the title of 'Raja Vikramaditya' that had been earlier adopted by many Hindu kings In 1526, Babur, a Timurid descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan from Fergana Valley(modern day Uzbekistan), swept across the Khyber Pass and established the Mughal Empire, covering modern day Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. However, his son Humayun was defeated by the Afghan warrior Sher Shah Suri in the year 1540, and Humayun was forced to retreat to Kabul. After Sher Shah's death, his son Islam Shah Suri and the Hindu king Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, who had won 22 battles from Punjab to Bengal and had established a secular Hindu Raj, ruled North India from Delhi till 1556, when Akbar's forces defeated and killed Hemu in the Second Battle of Panipat on 6 November 1556.

Birbal:-Birbal (1528–1586) (Real name: Mahesh Das or Maheshdas Bhatt) was the Grand Vizier (Wazīr-e-Azam) of the Mughal court in the administration of the Mughal emperor Akbar. He one of his most trusted members along with being a part of Akbar's inner council of nine advisors, known as the navaratna, a Sanskrit word meaning nine jewels. Birbal was one of only a few persons other than Akbar that were Din-i-Ilahi believers.

Chand Bardai:-Chand Bardai (September 30, 1149 – ca. 1200) was the court poet of the Indian king Prithviraj III Chauhan, who ruled Ajmer and Delhi from 1165 to 1192. A native of Lahore, Chand Bardai composed the Prithviraj Raso, an epic poem in Hindi about the life of Prithviraj. A Bhatt Brahman, he was a worshiper of the goddess Saraswati, who gifted him with the boon of Bardai.

Definition Of Bhat:-Bhat: (भट्ट), A Bard; Poet: The word Bhat is a diminutive of the Sanskrit word bhatta, (भट्ट) a bard or poet.

Bhatra:- The word ‘Bhatra’ is a corruption of the word Bhat-Rai. The title of ‘Rai’ was given to the disciple of Guru Nanak, Bhai Changa ji, his followers became known as ‘Bhatras’.

What is a Bhat:-The Bhat Brahmin or Brahm Bhat or Madhav Brahmin is a Hindu caste, found in North India. They are also known Bhatt. The Bhat Brahmin or Brahm Bhat or Madhav Brahmin are one of the two sub-divisions of the Bhat ethnic group, the other sub-division being that of Bhat-Rai or Rai Bhats. Both being sub-groups of the larger Bhat community. Bhat is not a caste but a sub-group, whose members are from all areas of the spectrum. One therefore finds Brahmin, Rajput, Jat, Sikh and Khatri surnames in the Bhat community.

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122875 , Report

Mythology of the Bhats:- As per mythological accounts and according to Hinduism, this identity has been said to have emerged as human embodiment out of a Yajna / Yagna performed by Brahma and they are even to date regarded as Saraswati Putra (descendents of mother Saraswati) in many parts of Gujarat, while other belief goes for Shiva created a branch for preserving order, and spread art, culture, spiritual knowledge in society, while at the same time protect and secure the society, either first by knowledge and enlightenment (Shaastra) or by Astr (at battlegrounds).And as per those beliefs, Brahmabhatts are said to have originated from Devpuri or Alkapuri and Himalayas, traversing across Naimisaranya, Gangetic Belt and Indus & Saraswati territories of Vedic era. Their presence includes Nepal, Kashmir, Punjab, Kannauj, Magadh, Kashi, present day Bengal and Bangladesh, Rajputana, Malva, Surashtra (Saurashtra), Dwarika kingdoms, while spreading up to far West in Europe, primarily occupying present day Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Greece, Italy, Rome, France and Germany under different definition and identity. The fact is Brahmabhatt, often termed as Subhatt or Warrior Bhatts in Vedic times, are found all across Indian Subcontinent, Central Asia, and across Europe. Brahma Bhatts find references in Ramayana, Puranas, Bhagavad Gita, Buddhism, some Vedic references, many religious scriptures and imperial gazetteers.Brahmbhatt ब्रह्मभट्ट is an Indian surname representing a Vedic/Indo-Aryan peoples, to be found mainly across West India and North India, in India. Primarily Warrior Brahmins, this classic social entity possesses the characteristics of Brahmin as well as Kshatriya as per the caste system prevalent in India. Although, they are basically considered to be Brahmins, regarded as Subhatts or Warrior Brahmins. More often they had been nobles and court advisers in kingdoms since Vedic times. In social hierarchy and ranks, the Brahma Bhatt / Brahmbhatt clan has further spread into and seem to have covered Bhat (surname), Bhatt at some places, Barot, Balwa, Badva, Bhatt Raja or Vahivancha groups also, whereas Brahma Bhatt is originally a distinct ethnic group of a higher rank. Primarily, they were found in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Kashmir, Rajasthan, Gujarat, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka. Later they are found to have concentrated in Rajasthan and more in Gujarat & Saurashtra regions.Brahmabhatts' migration and concentration in Gujarat:- At present, those who still have maintained their social, traditional and cultural identity, along with their orthodox constitution, are found in Gujarat, and they are popular as Brahmbhatt. Majority of Brahmabhatts would trace their immediate origin to Rajputana, North India and North West India, including present day Pakistan. Apparently, other title signified to Brahmbhatt in Gujarat is Barot and there are several stories behind they are being called as Barot. Brahmabhatt or Barot have been present and have played a very crucial and critical part in the History of West, North-west and North India. Presently often referred with the land of Gujarat due to their large number of population, Brahmabhatts are found present in this province since 7th Century and peculiarly since 11th and 12th Century during several migrations took place from Rajputana towards Gujarat and Saurashtra. However, some old groups across Gujarat and Saurashtra are claimed to have been present in Surashtra and Dwarika Kingdom since the Mahabharat period.Identity, Role and Functions:- They are often said to have natural - god gifted skills and courage to teach difficult subjects pertaining to spirituality, socialism, bravery, diplomacy, humanity, religion and cosmology to people in very understandable and simple form, at the same time, they can offer themselves readily at the battlegrounds, as and when needs be any. And thus, traditionally they are said to have characteristics and duties that of Brahmin and Kshatriya (Rajput), although they are more inclined to and known for their Kshatriya character and such traits. Strict followers and devout of Shakti (Goddess / Devi) they are generally Shaivites, these Brahma Bhatts were known for their dominant following to celibacy, vision, diplomacy, truth, justice, discipline, their promises, sacrifice and penance.
Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122876 , Report

Function and Profession:-Those in traditions of preaching, poetry and genealogy were sometimes alleged for exaggeration and fabrication of matter; however facts and truth still remained there in subtle form. Significantly, during feudal era, and after barbarian attacks and subsequent invasions, the emerging poor socio-economic picture of India prompted other tribes and castes too to indulge into the fields and profession of Brahma Bhatts, eventually picking up as and introducing themselves as Bhat/Bhatt/Brahmbhatt, which would result into literature and poetry of superficial and excessive nature. At the same time, growing population and political - vocational transitions may have attributed to this aspect where their main income source would remain their literature and available service sectors at subjected times. Bhat Vahis were scrolls or records maintained by Bhatts, hereditary bards and genealogists. According to Nesfield as quoted in W. Crooke, The Tribes and Castes of the North Western India, 1896, Bhatts are an "offshoot from those secularised Brahmans who frequented the courts of princes and the camps of warriors, recited their praises in public, and kept records of their genealogies." These bards constantly attended upon or visited their patron families reciting panegyrics to them and receiving customary rewards. They also collected information about births, deaths and marriages in the families and recorded it in their scrolls. These scrolls containing information going back to several past centuries formed the valued part of the bards` hereditary possessions. The rest are still in manuscript form lying in the Department of Punjab Historical Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala. These extracts provide valuable information regarding dates, places and events of the period. As contemporary evidence, Bhat Vahis have to be used with caution however, for they are not diaries of the eyewitnesses. It was customary for the Bhatts to visit their hereditary patrons usually twice a year at harvest time to sing their praises and receive rewards or customary donations as well as to collect information for record in their vahis. These records are, therefore, based on information gathered generally after the occurrence of events and, possibly, sometimes received at second hand. On the whole, these Bhatt Vahis are a mine of information of historical and sociological value. Primarily they were:
• Advisers & Nobles in kingdoms
• Court Poets & Poets • Historians
• Litterateur • Diplomats & Notary
• Warriors • Preachers & Priests
• Story-tellers
• Artists & Folk Artists
• Singers / Bards
• Genealogists, etc.
Overlooking ancient mythological accounts, some historical research works suggest that it is mentioned in ‘Shrimad Bhagwad Gita’ that kings (Kshatriyas/ warriors) of that time used to get their daughter to ‘Rishi’ (Brahmins) in order to serve or worship them. The mixed breed of Brahmins and Kshatriyas were called ‘Brahmbhatt’= Brahm (Kshatriya) + Bhatt (Brahmin). Thus, Brahmbhatt ‘Sanskar’ (knowledge) of Brahmin, due to the Brahmin father and ‘Rakt’ (Blood) of Kshatriya, due to Kshyatriya Mother. There are some examples like 1. Chavan Rishi, great Brahmin of his time, was made marry to a king’s daughter. 2. King Dushyant’s daughter was given to a rishi. Brahmabhatts were given due respect in society and were called ‘Deviputra’ (Son of God). They used to be in ‘Rajdarbar’ (committee of the king) as a poet or adviser of king.

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122880 , Report

Raja Shivnabh:-According to the Janam Sakhis, Guru Nanak Dev Ji visited Sangladip (Sri Lanka) in the year Samvat 1574 (1517 A.D) in his second Udhassi, during the reign of Emperor Babur. At Sangladip, Guru Nanak visited the Raja Shivnabh. The scripture “Haikat-Rah-Muqaam-Shivnabh-Raje-ke” written in Bhai Bannu’s Bir, at the time of Guru Arjan Dev, states ‘prior to Guru Nanak’s visit, here consisted 1400 villages under seven kingdoms, which Baba Nanak united and made Raja Shivnabh the head.’
In Dr Trump’s translation of an early Janam Sakhi, which he names as Janam-Sakhi-of-Baba-Nanak-A, he states ‘In Singhala-dipa they [the Guru and his companions] went to the Raja Siv-nabhi and took abode in his garden on the other side of the ocean. At that time the garden of the Raja Siv-nabhi, which was worth nine lakhs, was dried up; it became green again, what bore flowers, got flowers, what bore leaves, got leaves.’
Raja Shivnabh became a disciple of the Guru, and the people of Sangladip followed suit. Guru Nanak conferred upon him and his people the title of ‘Sangat.’ Here the Japji Sahib was recited daily and regular kirtan took place. Guru’s langar was served to the congregations daily. It was recorded that 20 maunds of salt a day were required for the kitchen of Shivnabh’s numerous followers; some of whom who followed the Guru back to the Punjab.

Bhai Changa Ji:-Raja Shivnabh’s grandson 'Changa ji', who gave preference to academic studies rather than getting involved in ruling, went to Kashi for education and training for a period of 14 years. His master or Guru was Chetan Gir. At that time the high-Pandits (well educated graduates) were known as ‘Bhatacharyas.’ Changa ji won all the contests and he was given the title of 'Rai' meaning ‘Raja’, by his Guru as he had beaten all the Bhatacharyas of the Kingdom of Kashi. Hence Changa ji became known as ‘Bhat Rai’ - the ‘Raja of Poets.’ Changa ji expressed that as well as him that his colleagues will also be known as Bhat-Rai’s. Changa later became known as ‘Changa Bhat’. Hence his followers became known as Bhatras. The Bhatras established Sikh Sangats in many parts of India, and began spreading the teachings of Guru Nanak.
Years later Changa ji after completing his studies returned and visited his step-brother Raja Aryapat Naik at his Court at Nagapattan, Raja Aryaapat Naik questioned him about his years away, and Changa ji replied, singing the praises in musical tunes and in a poetic fashion, boasting of his new learned skills from Kashi in Aryapat’s honour. But Aryapat Naik claimed that Changa had insulted their Clan and fumed that he was of a Ruling class but had lowered himself to the profession of a mere bard. He told Changa ji ‘You are no more a Royal but a Bard.’
Changa ji left the court of Nagapattan, irrated and many of the other courtiers left with him, including the Raja’s own son Taru Dhoni. Changa, Taru and many of their followers settled in Arogapeth in India, where he was joined by eminent Maha Bhats and Rishi Mathura, Kirat and Madho. When Changa ji died at Arogapeth, Bhai Taru became the head of the Sangat. Hence Sangat became known as “Baba Taru Guru”. At present the temple of Baba Taru Guru Ji situated at a village named "Tibbar" district Gurdaspur of Punjab State.

Maha Bhats and Rishi Madhav ,Kirat and Mathura travelled Northwards with compositions written by the various Bhats which had been recorded in the Bhat-Vahis, and reached the durbar of Guru Angad Dev ji who at the time was compiling the Guru Granth Sahib ji. Guru Angad Dev ji included the works of 17 Bhats. The Bhats contributed to a total of 123 compositions in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS, pp.1389-1409), ‘recorded under the title of ‘Savaiyye’ known as “Bhatta dee Bani”.

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122886 , Report

Madhvas in South India:- The Tuluva and Tamil Nadu Madhavas are light complexioned and well built. Most Madhavas are erudite. They rarely intermarry with other sects. Madhava men can be recognised by their distinctive Vaishnava caste marks, such as, the `akshata` (round dark mark) and the `angara` (a vertical central charcoal-black line drawn on the forehead), the additional sandal paste caste marks on the arms, chest and abdomen representing the sankha (conch), padma (lotus) and the like. At home the women and girls worship the tulsi plant daily. But in custom, tradition and dress the Madhavas can hardly be distinguished from Maharashtra Brahmins. The mother tongue of many Madhava families of Madras and Tanjavur is Marathi.

The Dvaita philosophy is essentially rooted in the Bhakti cult of a supreme God, which emerged, with the advent of the Alvar and the Nayanamar saints. They lived from the 6th to the 10th century in the Tamil country. Ramanuja (1037-1137) who preached Vasishtadvaita (qualified monism) established the Vaishnava Bhakti cult as a faith but it was Madhava`s intellect, learning and inspiration that led him to propound a system which defied the concepts of maya (illusion) and `jivabrahmaikya` (the oneness of God and the individual soul). Later another great mind, Jayatirtha (Tika) interpreted the sayings of Madhava in detail to consolidate the Dvaita belief.

Madhava established the Krishna Temple, Udupi in Karnataka and initiated eight balabrahmacharis to continue the worship of the Lord and to propagate the Dvaita philosophy. Each swami was to serve the temple for two years without leaving it. In course of time each of the eight swamis attracted their own followers and eight maths became established. 3 important maths have also played a significant part in upholding and spreading the message of Dvaita: the Uttaradi in Bangalore; the Raghavendraswami in Nanjangud and the Vyasaraya in the South. A great Madhava guru, Satyadhanatirtha of the Uttaradi math, also made an outstanding contribution to this faith.

The catholicity of Madhavas and their tolerance and admiration for other faiths can be gauged from the fact that even now Anantasvara`s ratha (chariot) precedes that of Krishna in all major festivals at Udupi in spite of the fact that the Madhavas are staunch Vaishnavites.

Purandaradasa has composed the best devotional hymns inspired by Madhava`s philosophy but out of over four lakh bhajans in praise of the Lord, only about nine hundred are still to be found. With him, Vijaya-Vithala, Jagannathadas, Mohandas, Seshadas and Kankadasa (a Kuruba shepherd) form the `dasakuta.`

The sacred temples for Tuluva Brahmins or Madhava community are the 7th and 8th century Shiva Temples. The Anantheshvara Temple of Udupi is quite famous with this community. Mookambika Temple of Kollur and 7 other temples in Subramanya, Gokarna, Kumbasi, Koteshvara and Shankaranarayana are famous places of pilgrimages. These are also known as the Mukti Sthalas. Apart from this there is the Mangala Devi

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122887 , Report

Madhavas (Bhat Brahmin & Bhat Sikhs) in the Punjab:-

According to historian H.A.Rose, The Madhwas did not first settle in Punjab, originally they were found chiefly in the Dadra, Deo, along the banks of the Ganges in the Bijnor district of the United Provinces. They then migrated to Hoshiarpur and Sialkot, and later were to be found in the great town and places all over India. Communities had also spread to Rawalpindi and Lahore, as well as East Punjab.
In 1911 AD, India’s Colonial historian, H.A.Rose found 13 Gotras in Sialkot out of the 22 Gotras (surnames), lists, namely Bhains, Bhatti, Bhotiwal, Digwa or Digpal, Gami, Gojra, Kag, Kasba, Lande, Lar, Lohi, Rathor, Rodh.

Since Madhwas (Bhat Brahmins) did not take to settled life. As the small band of bard singers travelled northwards to the Punjab, their numbers increased substantially from the host villages they sheltered and preached to. However their religious duties were kept up.

And Bhatras (Bhat Sikhs) were itinerant missionaries; they also did not take to settled life. In the 16th and 17th century the mobility of the Nanakpanthi Bhats saw the scattering of the community in several parts of India. The Punjab was where they gained their greatest numbers from and where many settled. Most of the Punjabis from all walks of life that embraced Guru Nanak’s teachings from hearing the Bards of these travelers joined the Bhat Sikhs and became Sikhs. Hence Bhats surnames include those from Jats, Khatris and Rajputs among others.

By the late 19th century and early 20th century, while kingdoms were getting merged into the British Government, Bhat was the name of a caste or Jati within the Indian tradition of social classes, each with its own occupation.

For food Madhwas (Bhat Brahmins) even began astrology and fortune telling whilst paddling to customers. Many of them are Banjaras and peddlers by trade, some hawking cheap ornaments for women, and other so called Vedic medicine. Thence the migrated to Hoshiarpur and Sialkot, by they are now to be found in the great towns places of pilgrimages all over India and here they pose as magician, for telling the future by gazing in to cup of oil thence they mainly frequent to Kangra district. They prey on the gradually of the people by astrology, the other moiety are Jatadhari, but smoke, and generally assume the characteristic garb of the Udassis, Pretending to be emissaries of certain temples and collecting subscriptions for them.

The Madhwas (Bhat Brahmins) claims to Brahminical origins borne out the fact they wear the Janeu and Tilak, and even at eclipses receive certain offerings, while standing in water, from each and every caste. They also practice Palmistry (Rekha). After the Diwali they set out their tours, returning at the commencement of the rainy season. They travel in gangs generally of half a dozen or so.They were a small group: so small that even in the Punjab many people did not know of them. Though some lived in Lahore, many Madhwas (Bhat Brahmins) can trace their roots to villages around Sialkot and Gurdaspur Districts.

Bhatras (Bhat Sikhs) are occasionally accompanied by their wives and daughters, for whose marriages they collect subscription. Various forms of swindling are practiced by them and they earn large sums which they promptly squander on drinks and gambling. Besides hawking small hardware for sale they pierce children’s noses and ears rings.
The Bhat Sikhs whilst on their missionary work, travelling from village to village and town to town became familiar to pedling. Selling goods and merchandise on their travels throughout India. Their success lay in their spirit of enterprise, price manipulation and extension of price. Indians that embraced Guru Nanak’s teachings from hearing the Bards of these travelers (Bhats), joined the Bhat Sikhs and became Sikhs. Ending up in Punjab. Bhatra Sikhs having mixed ancestry In that Bhats originated in Punjab But many also originated from Sri Lanka. Bhatras were known for their missionary work to spread the message of Sikhism. Hence many Sri Lankans converted to Sikhism and assimilated into the Bhatra community.

During the partition of the Punjab in 1947, many Bhatts (भट्ट) were affected, and were uprooted as a large majority resided in West Punjab, including in Sialkot, Rawalpindi, Lahore and Lyallpur. Many settled in East Punjab in India after 1947, whilst others scattered to other states such as Haryana (Ambala), Rajasthan, Delhi and even in Calcutta.

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122888 , Report

Modern times:-When India become republic Bhatt (भट्ट) caste was added in the list of SEBC (Socially and Economically Backward Cast) so they can get certain benefits from Govt. of being SEBC. Actually, Bhatt (भट्ट) have never been SEBC but while kingdoms were getting merged into the Government, all the kings were asked if they wanted to put any caste of their kingdom in the list of SEBC. As Bhatt (भट्ट) were adviser and very close to the King, even at that time, they asked kings to put Bhatt (भट्ट) caste in SEBC list.
And at that time also, many Madhav Brahmin / Bhat Brahmin / Brahmbhatts had changed their surname to Bhat because Madhav Brahmin / Bhat Brahmin / Brahmbhatts caste was not included as a sub caste of Bhat (Hindu- Bhatt as in constitution).

At present, even today, the Bhatt (भट्ट) majorly occupy the branches and sectors of Administration, Defense, Security, Art, Literature, Theater, Governance, Advisory, Diplomacy, Consultancy, Law and Jurisdiction and such infrastructure. The Bhatt Brahmins and Bhatt Sikhs today are concentrated now mainly in Patiala, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur and Bhatinda districts in the Punjab.
The profession of peddling is almost extinct, carried on by a handful in India, whilst most have gone into other fields, including professions and businesses. A considerable number are involved in preaching and many priests and Gyanis at the most sacred historical Sikh Temples.

The Bhatt Brahmins and Bhatt Sikhs adopted surnames which include those from Jat, Tarkhan, Rajput, Khatri, Kambojas, and Gujjars. Many Bhats today are influenced by the Nihang sect of Sikhism

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122889 , Report

Know your Identity:-As I mentioned above that in the Clan of Mahabhatt Madhav Rishi, those people who adopted Sikhism and became the followers of Bhai Changa Ji “Rai Bhatt” and their generations were called as “Bhat Rai” or “Bhatras”. And those people who did not adopted Sikhism, they were as they. These people and their generations were called as “Madhav Brahmin”, “Brahmbhatt” or “Bhatbrahmin”. So know your Identity, Yourself, Your Self Respect, Core Values and Character. Beware of Alcohol and Drug Addicts. Be a Vegetarian.
Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122891 , Report

References:-
1.A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West frontier... By H.A. Rose(Historian)
2.A Dictionary of Indian literature: Begning-1850 By Surjit Mukherji
3.History of Sikh Gurus Retold 1469 – By Surjit Singh Gandhi
4.Wikipedia-The Free Encyclopedia
5.And with the thanks of the oldsters of the village "BORA"

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal" , Posting id :122893 , Report

Your valuable suggestions you may contact through my email ID:- ajaykumarsharmadigpal@gmail. com
Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma “Digpal , Posting id :122895 , Report


Festival :

Festivals of village Bora –
All Hindu and Sikh festivals like Diwali, Holi ,Gurpurab, Raksha Bandhan etc are celebrated here .But Janamashtami is the most popular festival in this village and is celebrated with great pomp and show by the Hindu and the Sikhs .But the most amazing thing is that on this day Sri Mahakali temple is decorated and the whole ceremony is inaugurated by the people of Drigpal gotra and Goddess Mahakali is worshipped (The administrative authority of Sri Mahakali Temple collect the money from the people of Drigpal gotra and make “Prasad” which is firstly offered to the Goddess Mahakali).
In the 19th century there was a great confusion among the villagers that on which day Goddess Mahakali should be worshipped then the people of the Drigpal gotra suggested that this holy ceremony should be done on the day of “Janamashtami”. That is why since the old times Goddess Mahakali is worshipped on Janamashtami. At that time two sculptors came from Calcutta and made an idol of Goddess Mahakali ,Sri Hanuman ji and Sri Bhairav Nath fully made of ceramic .

Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76758 , Report


Location :

Five Kilometers from Garhshankar towards the east is one of the most popular Hindu Brahmins Village in the Tehsil Garhshankar ,Distt-Hoshiarpur, Punjab (India). It is situated on the Garhshankar - Sri Anand pur Sahib Road.

Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76760 , Report


Temple / Church / Mosque/ Gurdwara :

Temple:-
Sri Mahakali Temple
Sri Sai Baba Temple (Gugga Zahir Peer)
Sri Gugga Marhi Temple
Shivalya (Shiv Mandir)
Do Lathian Wala Mandir (Shivalya)
Bagge Da Mandir

Gurdwara:- Gurdwara Chhevi Patshahi Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji

Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76763 , Report


Village Administration :

Village Administration:

The administration of the village is run by Village Panchayat as per the Punjab Govt. rules and regulations.


Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76764 , Report


Bus / Train / Transport :

Bus/ Train Details:-
Village Bora is directly connected with all the Major cities on the road of Garhshankar - Sri Anandpur Sahib Road. It is at a distance of 05 KM from Garhshankar, Nearest Railway Station is Garhshankar


Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76766 , Report


About your experience :

Experience: - Normal Village likes other villages.


Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76769 , Report


Message to others :

Message to others: - Every person should do hard work instead of sitting free and idle he should earn his bread with the good ways with his own capability.

Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76770 , Report


Police/Help/Rescue :

Police Station: - Nearest Police station is at Garhshankar.

Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India

Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76771 , Report


Advertisement :

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Written by : Ajay Gujral , Posting id :125380 , Report

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Written by : Ajay Gujral , Posting id :125381 , Report

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Written by : Ajay Gujral , Posting id :125382 , Report


Education Schools Colleges:

Schools: - Govt. High School Bora
Govt. Elementary School Bora



Ajay Kumar Sharma
Bachelor in Tourism Studies

Garhshankar-Punjab-India


Written by : Ajay Kumar Sharma , Posting id :76772 , Report


Bora Pin Code :

Bora pincode is 144527 .
Written by : Kumar , Posting id :33661 , Report


Other detail:


•Kindly avoid to delete good writings.
•Deleting other's good writings may lead to take action against you.

Written by : WikiEdit.org team , Posting id :122429 , Report


Bora map

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