Villages -> India -> Maharashtra -> Raigad -> Chaul

Village : Chaul

Block : Alibag

District : Raigad

State : Maharashtra

Country : India

Continent : Asia

About village :

Route to Chaul fort in maharshtra
Written by : Pallavi , Posting id :79619 , Date : 2011/06/26-09:16:15 CDT , Report

History :

Chaul is a former city of Portuguese India, now in ruins. It is located 60 km south of Mumbai, in Raigad District of Maharashtra state in western India.

In 1508, the Egyptian Mamluks, allied with the Gujarat Sultanate vanquished the Portuguese in the Battle of Chaul. The first Portuguese settlement at Chaul took place in 1521 with the construction of the first fort on the south bank of the Kundalika River. In October 1531, the Portuguese erected a new square stone fortress, named Santa Maria do Castello, which contained a church and dwellings for 120 men. A town developed around the fortress, but a 1558 treaty precluded fortifying the town. The town was destroyed in a 1570-71 siege by the Nizam Shahi Sultan of Ahmadnagar, but a treaty was concluded which lifted the siege, and the town was rebuilt and surrounded by walls and bastions. A fort (Korlai fort) was built on the Morro de Chaul, a rocky promontory on the north side of the river opposite the town. The town withstood several further attacks, and its defense works were expanded in 1613.

The samadhi (mausoleum) of Kanhoji Angre at Chaul, MaharashtraChaul was part of Portuguese India\'s Northern Province, which by the mid 17th century extended for 100 km along the coast of present-day Maharashtra and Gujarat, from Chaul in the south to Daman in the north. The headquarters of the northern province was at Baçaim (modern Vasai) north of Bombay.

During the later 17th and early 18th centuries Portuguese India declined economically and politically, and Chaul lost its former importance. As the power of the Mughal Empire declined in the early 18th century, the Marathas expanded their control of central and western India. The Portuguese colony of Kalyan was captured by the Marathas in 1720, and in 1737 the Maratha general Angria began a concerted campaign to capture the remaining Portuguese territories. Chaul and the Morro de Chaul came under siege in March 1739, but the siege was raised in October. After the capture of Baçaim in 1740, a peace treaty was concluded, and on 18 September 1740, Chaul was ceded by treaty to the Marathas. The city was subsequently abandoned and left in ruins.

The village of Korlai, near the ruins of Chaul, is still home to speakers of Portuguese Creole

Written by : RAJESH GHARAT , Posting id :4689 , Report

Temple / Church / Mosque/ Gurdwara :

Very good information about the chaul. show the deatil information about the Rameshwar temple in Chaul.
Written by : Prakash , Posting id :81078 , Report

Bank ATM :

Written by : RAJESH GHARAT , Posting id :4690 , Report

Chaul map

The following Chaul map is from google. Chaul map consist of nearest villages and more information based on the zooming. You can enlarge or minimize the map zooming level based on your requirement.
Dear Chaul people we have started this to publish all village details around the world. Chaul is a village located in the Raigad district of Maharashtra state. You are welcome to provide more information about Chaul. It can be under the following category.
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